Why do We Get Back Pain?

Spine's Structure

Back pain can be originated by two principal causes:

  1. Body Structural Issues.
  2. Body Functional Issues.

1. BODY STRUCTURAL ISSUE of the spine

This structural issue of the trunk can be represented by Spinal Issues such as:

  • Scoliosis
  • Flat Spine
  • Kyphosis
  • Lordosis

Spinal Issues can lead to the nerves’ compression due to “Bulging Disc” or “Herniated Disc”, a condition that can be permanent or temporary.

A Bulging Disc is a more common condition, often temporary, caused by overloading the lumbar spinal tract.

This overloading can be Functional ( overuse of musculoskeletal system ) or Structural ( reduction of “Shock absorber function” of the Spine).

The shock absorber function of the spine is built by two systems:

  1. Spinal Curvatures (cervical concave curvature; Thoracic convex curvature; Lumbar concave curvature).
  2. Spinal Discs.
Spinal Structure

Modifications of the physiological curvatures compromise the shock absorber function of the spine itself.

In the same way, structural issues of the spinal discs ( e.g. dehydration ) can lead to the reduction of shock absorber function of the spine.

Herniated Disc is a less common condition but with the same causes of the bulging disc, even if with more effects on the spinal structure.

Herniated/Bulging Disc

Another cause of Body Structural issues is Musculoskeletal System Issues.

The most common Musculoskeletal System Issues are:

  • Muscular Hypertonicity ( increased passive stiffness or tightness )
  • Hypotonia ( decreased muscle tone )
  • Muscular Imbalances

Increased stiffness of the back muscles is the most common cause of Back Pain and can be treated with targeted sports therapy such as a Sports Massage.

Muscular Imbalance can be assessed through a good Postural Assessment to check all the forces imbalances of the body’s equilibrium.

2. BODY FUNCTIONAL ISSUES OF THE SPINE

They are produced from all our incorrect postural body behavior during our daily lifetime:

  • Incorrect Posture at the Desk.
  • Job-related incorrect posture ( Desk Job, Manual Work, Physical Labour ).
  • Incorrect workout posture.
  • Overtraining.
  • Inactivity.

How to cure Back Pain

The first approach to Back Pain is to treat the symptoms, but It’s as much important to determine the causes that have produced it.

This is an important fact because even if we treat and cure the symptoms ( pain, inflammation, soreness ) of the back pain, it can come back again after a short time.

In conclusion, to tackle the problem of “Back Pain“, It is very important to consider and analyze all the possible causes that have produced It, as highlighted above.

It is important to treat both the causes and symptoms of your back pain as this is a key factor for long-term sports therapy.

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